This Reference Guide lists information available in print or on the Internet, relevant to Film/Media/Screen Analysis and Scholarship on African Women in Cinema: filmmakers, actors, producers, editors, organizers, critics, scholars and other cultural producers.

Please check back from time to time as information is added
UPDATED 03 APRIL 2017 | MIS À JOUR 03 AVRIL 2017


A



Esther Adagala


“Women's Access to Decision Making in and through the Media with Particular Reference to the East African Situation”. Women in Communication Trust, 1994.


“Situation of Women and the Media in Africa”. Women in Communication Trust, 1993.



Africa Media Centre

Women in Film in Africa Conference: Overcoming Social Barriers - Call for Papers. (19-20 November 2011) Organised by the Africa Media Centre, University of Westminster.




African Training and Research Centre for Women/Voluntary Fund for the United Nations Decade for Women

Women and the Mass Media in Africa: Case Studies of Sierra Leone, the Niger and Egypt. Les Femmes et les médias en Afrique: etudes de cas de la Sierra Leone, du Niger et de l'Egypte. Research Series, Addis Ababa, 1981.


African Film Festival New York (founder and director Mahen Bonetti)

Through African Eyes: Dialogues with the Directors; 2003. Featuring Françoise Pfaff ”The Early Years, 1960-1985; Safi Faye with Zeiba Monod and Wanjiru Kinyanjui with Dommie Yambo-Odotte.

Through African Eyes Volume 2: Conversations with the Directors; 2010. Featuring Mahen Bonetti with Françoise Bouffault; Ngozi Onwurah with Simon Onwurah; Fanta Régina Nacro with Guetty Felin; Zina Saro-Wiwa; Jihan El-Tahri with Alonzo Richo Speight; Osvalde Lewat and Katy Lena Ndiaye with Aurélien Bodinaux; Tsitsi Dangarembga with June Givanni; Dyana Gaye with James Schamus; Wanuri Kahiu, Judy Kibinge, and Lupita Nyong’o with Ekwa Msani-Omari, and Beti Ellerson “The Evolution of Women in Cinema.”

Looking Back, Looking Forward, 20 Years of the New York African Film Festival, by eds. Mahen Bonetti and Beatriz Leal Riesco, (New York: African Film Festival Inc, 2013). Featuring Osvalde Lewat, Isabelle Boni-Claverie, Yara Costa, Angèle Diabang, Jihan El-Tahri, Taghreed Elsanhouri, Hawa Essuman, Wanjiru Kairu, Judy Kibinge, Ekwa Msangi-Omari, Akosua Adoma Owusu, Xoliswa Sithole.



Brice Ahounou


Mbeka Phoba, Monique. --Sorcière, la vie! Cahiers d’etudes africaines. 189-190, 2008.


Jude G. Akudinobi

"Durable Dreams: Dissent, Critique, and Creativity in Faat Kine and Moolaade." Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. Volume 6.2 Spring, 2006.



Michel Amarger

"Réalisatrices d’Afrique: Les images d'Afrique aux féminins pluriels." Catalogue, Festival International de Films de Femmes de Créteil [France], 1998, pp. 90-94.

Regards de femmes. Documentary, 50 minutes, 2005.


Elma Lititia Anani

"Women's Image in the Sierra Leone Mass Media." Women and the Mass Media in Africa: Case Studies of Sierra Leone, the Niger and Egypt. African Training and Research Centre for Women/Voluntary Fund for the United Nations Decade for Women. Research Series, Addis Ababa, 1981, pp. 3-10.


Annette Angoua Nguea

Repenser la production cinématographique au Cameroun. L’Harmattan. 2011.



Precious Anthony

MPhil Research Topic, University of Ghana School of Communication. “Gender representation in popular Ghanaian movies: a comparative analysis of work by male and female filmmakers”.



Zélie Asava

The Black Irish Onscreen: Representing Black and Mixed-Race Identities on Irish Film and Television. Peter Lang AG, 2013.



L’Association des professionnelles africaines de la communication (APAC)

Femmes, développement, communication: quelles perspectives pour Nairobi 1985?  Proceedings from the seminar organized by BREDA, Dakar, Senegal, 1-10 October 1984.


L’Association des Femmes Africaines pour la Recherche et le Développement (AFARD). The Association of African Women for Research and Development (AAWORD)


La Recherche Féministe en Afrique : Avancées, Obstacles et Défis. (Feminist Research in Africa: Progress, Obstacles and Challenges). 30 Nov 2007. Dakar, Senegal.



Association of African Women for Research and Development/ AAWORD. L’Association des Femmes Africaines pour la Recherche et le Développement (AFARD)

Women and the Media in Africa. Occasional Paper Series, no. 6, Dakar, 1992.




Ada Azodo


"Gender and Sexuality in Africa: Apprizing my new book, Gender and Sexuality in African Literature and Film (Africa World Press, 2007)." Paper delivered at the 2007 African Literature Association Conference, West Virginia University.




Ada Uzoamaka Azodo and Maureen Ngozi Eke, ed.


Gender and Sexuality in African Literature and Film.  New Jersey: Africa World Press, 2007.




Chijioke Azuawusiefe


Nollywood and Women: Toward a (Re)Construction of Gender. Wolf 2017 Symposium | African Film and Media, University of Pennsylvania, April 2017. Last accessed 11 April 2017.




B

Yaba Badoe

Yaba Badoe talks about the documentary film project “The Art of Ama Ata Aidoo”, December 2013.



Françoise Balogun

"Visages de femmes dans le cinéma d’Afrique noire.” Présence Africaine (Special Issue: Le monde en mutation depuis 1989/The Changing World Since 1989: Dossier II Femmes du monde/Femmes d’Afrique-African Women/Women of the World), no. 153 [Paris], 1996, pp. 141-150.

Olivier Barlet


La représentation de la femme dans les cinémas d'Afrique noire”. Africultures, 2004.
Femmes et hommes dans les cinemas d’Afrique noire”. English version: Women and Men in Black African Film. Africultures.


Shelly Barry


"Disability and desire: journey of a filmmaker." Feminist Africa, Issue 6, 2006.



Laurentine Bayala

"Cinéma documentaire du Nord et du Sud : quels types de coopération ?". Groupe d’étude cinéma du réel africain. AfricaDoc Lussas. (Last accessed June 2011)



Viviane Békrou


"Engagement et critique sociale dans les téléfilms ivoiriens: le cas de Ma famille d’Akissi Delta et de Nafi de Ouattara Eugenie". Paper delivered at the 2009 African Literature Association Conference, University of Vermont.


Asmara Beraki


“Azanian filmmaking: Creating an African present.” Critical Arts Vol. 16, Issue 1, 2002, pp. 57-62.




Christiana G.E. Best

“African Women in Cinema: A Comparative Study of South Africa and Nigeria”.  Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.




Lizelle Bisschoff


Gender equality, women and African cinema”. Report on Gender Equality and Culture, UNESCO: 2014, pp 98-107.


"The emergence of women’s film-making in francophone sub-Saharan Africa: From pioneering figures to contemporary directors."  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 175-189.


Master Class entitled "Women in African Cinema: Questions of Absence and Presence". International Images Film Festival for Women. Harare, Zimbabwe, November 2011.


“Visions of Female Emancipation: three recent films from West Africa.” Journal of African Cinemas, July 2010.


Women in African Cinema: An aesthetic and thematic analysis of filmmaking by women in Francophone West Africa and Lusophone and Anglophone Southern Africa. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Stirling, UK, 2009.

Project: “Recovering Lost African Film Classics: Towards a History of Filmmaking by African Women", Edinburgh, 2007.


Paper: “Female Storytelling through Film: Women Directors in West African Cinema” at the African Studies Association UK conference at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London, 2007.


"Women Making Movies: The female pioneers of African cinema and the launching of a tradition", University of Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, Nov 2007.


Mahen Bonetti


Looking Back, Looking Forward, 20 Years of the New York African Film Festival, by eds. Mahen Bonetti and Beatriz Leal Riesco, (New York: African Film Festival Inc, 2013). Featuring Osvalde Lewat, Isabelle Boni-Claverie, Yara Costa, Angèle Diabang, Jihan El-Tahri, Taghreed Elsanhouri, Hawa Essuman, Wanjiru Kairu, Judy Kibinge, Ekwa Msangi-Omari, Akosua Adoma Owusu, Xoliswa Sithole.


Through African Eyes Volume 2: Conversations with the Directors, by eds. Mahen Bonetti and Morgan Seag, (New York: African Film Festival Inc, 2010). Featuring Mahen Bonetti with Françoise Bouffault; Ngozi Onwurah with Simon Onwurah; Fanta Régina Nacro with Guetty Felin; Zina Saro-Wiwa with Oladipo Agboluaje; Jihan El-Tahri with Alonzo Richo Speight; Osvalde Lewat and Katy Lena Ndiaye with Aurélien Bodinaux; Tsitsi Dangarembga with June Givanni; Dyana Gaye with James Schamus; Wanuri Kahiu, Judy Kibinge, and Lupita Nyong’o with Ekwa Msani-Omari.


Through African Eyes: Dialogues with the Directors, by eds. Mahen Bonetti and Prerana Reddy, (New York: African Film Festival Inc, 2003). Featuring Françoise Pfaff: “The Early Years, 1960-1985”; Safi Faye with Zeiba Monod; Wanjiru Kinyanjui with Dommie Yambo-Odotte.




Ahmed Bouguarche


"Problèmes de femmes dans certains écrits et films francophones". Paper delivered at the 2008 African Literature Association Conference, Western Illinois University.



Sarah Bouyain

"Je suis née d'une mère française et d'un père burkinabé…" Africultures, January 2005. Part of the Metissages series.



Debra S. Boyd

Film: Jigeen bu jambar! Annette Mbaye d’Erneville: championne des femmes et militante culturelle.  (Woman of Steel Annette Mbaye d’Erneville: Champion for Women and Cultural Militant) 18mn, French, 2008.



C



Bertrand Cabedoche


Femmes et patrimoine culturel immatériel : l'expérience du film documentaire de création en Afrique sub-saharienne, 2012. Groupe d’étude cinéma du réel africain. AfricaDoc Lussas. (Last accessed September 2012)




Odile Cazenave

“Writing the Child, Youth, and Violence into the Francophone Novel from Sub-Saharan Africa: The Impact of Age and Gender.” Research in African Literatures - Volume 36, Number 2, Summer 2005, pp. 59-71.



Aurore Chaillou

Stratégies identitaires et littéraires dans l’oeuvre de Farida Belghoul et de Gaétan Soucy. Master’s Thesis in French. Texas Tech University, 2005.



Clar Ni Chonghaile

Cinema: African Women in the Spotlight. The Africa Report. January 10 2011.




Anne Ciecko


“African 'First Films': Gendered Authorship, Identity, and Discursive Resistance”. The Routledge Companion to Cinema & Gender. Edited by Kristin Lené Hole, Dijana Jelača, E. Ann Kaplan, Patrice Petro. Routledge, 2017.




Maria Coletti


“Water: Women looking in the mirror” (Agua. Mujeres que se miran al espejo). In Souleymane Cissé: With the Eyes of Eternity (Souleymane Cissé : Con los ojos de la eternidad) by Maria Coletti, Leonardo De Franceschi. Editorial Universidad de Granada, 2008.

Di diaspro e di corallo. L'immagine della donna nel cinema dell'Africa nera francofona, Marsilio (collana Biblioteca di Bianco & Nero. Saggistica) 2001. Of Jasper and Coral: Images of Women in Francophone Black African Cinema.


The Representation of Women in African Cinema. Doctoral Thesis in Italian at Roma Tre University Rome, 2000.


D

Tsitsi Dangarembga

Towards a Critical Debate: Nyaminyami Amaji Abulozi (Nyaminyami and the Evil Eggs), a film by Tsitsi Dangarembga

Tsitsi Dangarembga Reflects on the First Decade of the International Images Film Festival for Women

Current doctoral research: "The exotic has always already been known: changing the content of the black signifier as a means of improving reception of African films." Humboldt Universität, Berlin.

Keynote Address: "The Popular Arts and Culture in the Texture of the Public Sphere in Africa" at the 12th General Assembly of Codesria at Yaoundé, Cameroun, December 2008. (Last accessed June 2011)


Evelyne Delgado-Norris


"African Women and De/Colonization: Strategies of Resistance and Dynamics of Change in Senegalese Women's Literature and Film." Ph.D. Dissertation: Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 2003. 261p.


Michael Dembrow

Film Notes: Bedwin Hacker by Nadia El Fani

Film Notes: Everyone’s Child by Tsitsi Dangarembga

Film Notes: Faraw! by Abdoulaye Ascofaré

Film Notes: Kare Kare Zvako by Tsitsi Dangarembga

Film Notes: Karmen Gei by Joseph Gaï Ramaka

Film Notes: Madame Brouette by Moussa Sene Absa

Film Notes: Moolaade by Ousmane Sembene

Film Notes: Nha Fala by Flora Gomes

Film Notes: Sisters of the Screen by Beti Ellerson

Film Notes: Taafa Fanga by Adama Drabo

Film Notes: Tableau Ferraille by Moussa Sene Absa

Rokhaya Oumar Diagne and Souleymane Bachir Diagne

“Annette Mbaye d’Erneville: Une femme de communication/Annette Mbaye d’Erneville: A Lady with a Talent for Communication.” Présence Africaine (Special Issue: Le monde en mutation depuis 1989/The Changing World Since 1989: Dossier II Femmes du monde/Femmes d’Afrique-African Women/Women of the World), no. 153, 1996, pp. 93-100.

Claire Diao  Link to Bio

La présence noire dans le cinéma en France. Africultures, May 2010.

Le 32e Festival du Film de Femmes de Creteil rend hommage a Safi Faye. Africultures, Avril 2010.

L'Éthiopie initie son premier festival international de courts métrages: entretien de Claire Diao avec Maji-Da Abdi. Africultures, 23 February 2010.

Minky Schlesinger : "C'est parce que j'aime mon pays que je suis devenue réalisatrice" Africultures, 8 September 2009.

Aminata Ouedraogo : "Un jour, une femme remportera l'Étalon de Yennenga !" Africultures, 6 June 2009.

Nadège Batou ou la recherche de l'eau. Africultures, 11 May 2009.


Vlad Dima


Voices and Songs in Safi Faye's "Mossane". The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association. Vol. 44, No. 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 29-41


Fatou Diome


Doctoral Thesis, Université de Strasbourg: Le Voyage, les échanges et la formation dans l'œuvre littéraire et cinématographique de Sembène Ousmane, 2008?.


“Cinéma Africain, une caméra à l’épaule de l’histoire.” 50 ans de Cinéma Africain, La Cinémathèque Française, 2008.


Dominica Dipio

Gender Terrains in African Cinema. University of South Africa Press, 2014.


Sophie Dulucq

« Visages de femmes » au miroir du cinéma d'Afrique noire (des années 1960 aux années 1990). Clio Histoire, femmes et sociétés (Femmes d’Afrique), 1997.


E



Ecrans d'Afrique/African Screen

Published by FEPACI from 1992 to 1998


Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°1 - 1992

Profile of Fanta Nacro, Burkina Faso-Director, p35


Cinema africain au féminin. Un difficile enfantement/African women in cinema. A difficult childbirth. Summary of the Historical African Women in the Cinema Workshop, FESPACO 1991, by Emmanuel Sama - p69



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°2 - 1992

At a Glance: Film review of Saikati by Kenyan filmmaker Anne Mungai, p29


Profile of Funmi Osoba, Nigerian director by Françoise Kaboré, p70


Interview with Oumou Sy, Senegalese costume designer by Alessandra Speciale, p104


Profile of Anne-Laure Folly, Togolese director by Clément Tapsoba, p36



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°3 - 1993

Flash: African Women in Film and Video - Kenya section, p5


Profile of Nadia El Fani, Tunisia-Director, p45


Profile of Mouna Fettou, Moroccoan actress by Amadou Gaye, p43


Profile of Aminata Zouré, Burkinabé make-up artist by Cheick Kolla Maiga, p87



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°4 - 1993

Interview with Akosua Busia, Ghanaian actress, by Macy Domingo and Klevor Abo, p6



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°5-6 - 1993


Interview with Izza Genini, Moroccoan director by Thérèse-Marie Deffontaines, p8


Women filmmakers in Morocco. Profiles of Farida Benlyazid, Touda Bouanani, Farida Bourquia, Izza Genini, Imane Mesbahi, by Amadou Gaye, p10-11


N'daw, Aly N'Keury “Zalika Souley: Star of Niger Films”, p28


Profile of Joyce Makwenda, Zimbabwean director by Clément Tapsoba, p39

Profile of Franceline Oubda, Burkinabé director by Clément Tapsoba, p40



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°7 - 1994


A Threefold Trial: African, Female and Actress. Portrait of Naky Sy Savane, of Côte d’Ivoire and Félicité Wouassi, Cameroon, by Alessandra Speciale, p24



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°8 - 1994


Profile of Margaret Fombé Fobé, Cameroonian director by Clément Tapsoba, p27

Profile of Kadiatou Konaté, Malian director  by Jadot Sezirahiga, p28


Interview with Kahena Attia, Tunisian Chief Film Editor by Françoise Kaboré, p67



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°9-10 - 1994

Flash: "Fifth Women's Regional Conference in preparation for the Beijing Conference, p5

At a Glance: Film review of Retrouver Oulad Moumen by Izza Genini, Moroccan director, p26

Profile of Viola Shafik, Tunisian director by Alessandra Speciale, p32


Profile of Monique Phoba, Democratic Republic of Congo director by Sambolgo Bangre


Review of Femmes d'images de l'Afrique francophone by Najwa Tlili by Lynn Bettis



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°11 - 1995

Flash: National Bureau of the Pan African Union of Women in the Image Industry of Gabon, p5


Flash: Pan-African Union of Women in the Image Industry, p5


Profile of Burkinabé filmmaker Sarah Bouyain (who at the time was assistant director) by Clément Tapsoba, p18


At a Glance: Film review of The Battle of the Sacred Tree by Kenyan filmmaker Wanjiru Kinyanjui, p24


At a Glance: Film review of Léon G. Damas by Guadeloupian filmmaker Sarah Maldoror, p24


The Female Body, Culture and Space: The Female Body in African Cinema, by Beti Ellerson, p28



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°12 - 1995


Interview with Sarah Maldoror, Guadeloupean director by Jadot Sezirahiga, p6


Interview with Hafsa Z. Koudil, Algerian director by Cheick Kolla Maiga, p12


Profile of Oum Dierryla, Senegalese actress by Clément Tapsoba, p17


Profile of Dommie Yambo Odotte, Kenyan director, by Noufou Ouedraogo, p18


At a Glance: Film review of Ash-shaytan imra'/Le démon au féminin by Algerian filmmaker Hafsa Zinai Koudil, p34


At a Glance: Film review of Puk Nini by Burkinabé filmmaker Fanta Nacro, p59



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°13-14 - 1996


Flash: Chad - A Fatwa Against Zara Yacoub, p7

Profile of Abiba Diarra, Ivorian-Malian Actress, by Sambolgo Bangre, p35


At a Glance: Film review of La Danse du feu by Tunisian filmmaker Selma Baccar, p49


Alone: A Film about a Family in Zimbabwe by Zimbabwean filmmaker Tsitsi Dangarembga, by Françoise Kaboré and Sakbolé, p62



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°15 - 1996


Flash: "South Africa: Women in Cinema, p7


At a Glance: Film review of Puk Nini by Fanta Nacro, Burkinabé filmmaker, p37


Excerpt from an interview with Asma al Bakri, Egyptian director by Ahmed Atef, p61



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°16 - 1996

At a Glance: Film review of Mossane by Senegalese filmmaker, Safi Faye, p34


Recidak 96: When the Women of Cinema Take Action! By Cheriff Amadou Diop, p39



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°17/18 - 1996

Flash: "Zimbabwe: An Association of Women Filmmakers, p7


At a Glance: Film review of Honey and Ashes by Nadia Fares, Tunisian filmmaker, p17


At a Glance: Film review of Everyone's Child by Tsitsi Dangarembga, Zimbabwean filmmaker, p27


When Women Standup, African Cinema Moves. Interview with Martine Ilboudo Condé, Guinea/Burkina Faso director by Clément Tapsoba, p22


Female Scoop in Harare by Françoise Kaboré, p84


Aids in the City. Interview with Hanny Brigitte Tchelley, Ivoirian Actress/TV Producer, Clément Tapsoba, p88



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°19 - 1997


The Women of FESPACO 97: Valérie Kaboré or the filmmaker 'of all trades' by Clément Tapsoba, p35



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°20 - 1997


Mariam Kaba en positif/Mariam Kaba thinks positive, par/by Anne Khady Sé - p36



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°21-22 - 1997


Do They Remember Us. Interview with Shirikiana Aina, USA director by Beti Ellerson, p8


Portrait of Palesa Letlaka-Nkosi, South African director by Corinne Miglioli, p41


At a Glance: Film review of Pour le plaisir des yeux by Izza Genini, Moroccan filmmaker, p45


Discovery of a Festival by Wabei Siyolwe, p55


The Variety of African Cultures by Wabei Siyolwe, p67



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°23 - 1998

[Cuban filmmaker] Gloria Rolando on Slavery by William Tanifeani, p86



Ecrans d’Afrique/African Screen N°24 - 1998


Anta and Lingère: Portraits of Women by Nike Morganti, p54


Djibril and La Petite Vendeuse: The Suspended flight of Djibril by Michel Amarger, p68


Ousmane Sembene, The Suburb of Women by Baba Diop. Sembene talks about his film Fat Kine by Baba Diop p91


Interview with Venus Seye, protagonist of Faat Kine by Ousmane Sembene by Baba Diop, p92.



Frieda Ekotto


Frieda Ekotto: For an endogenous critique of representations of African lesbian identity in visual culture and l literature, Nov 2013


Frieda Ekotto : Pour une critique endogène sur les représentations visuelles et littéraires de l’identité l lesbienne africaine, nov 2013.


“The Erotic Tale of Karmen Gei: The Taboo of Female Homosexuality in Senegal.” Xavier Review. Volume 27 Issue 2. Fall 2007.



Beti Ellerson

“Traveling Gazes: Glocal Imaginaries in the Transcontinental, Transnational, Exilic, Migration, and Diasporic Cinematic Experiences of African Women”. Black Camera. Vol. 8, No. 2 (Spring 2017).


African Women and the Documentary: Storytelling, Visualizing History, from the Personal to the Political”. Black Camera. Vol. 8. No. 1 (Fall 2016), pp. 223-239.


“Sisters in African Cinema” PDF. Introduction of the AFRIKA FILM FESTIVAL Cologne Catalogue,  September 2016.


Teaching African Women in Cinema, Part Two”, Black Camera, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Spring 2016), pp. 217-233.


Teaching African Women in Cinema, Part One”, Black Camera Vol. 7, No. 1 (Fall 2015), pp. 251-261.


« Écrans d’Afrique au féminin au tournant numérique » pp 39-49. IN Cinéma AfriKa 2.0 Nouvelles formes et nouvelles façons de faire du cinéma: Adaptées aux contextes du continent Africain et de l’Océan Indien. Ebook édité par l’Institut français de Madagascar,février 2016. Lien: http://cinemaafrika2point0.weebly.com/ebook.html


“Cinémas documentaires en Afrique au féminin.” François Fronty, Delphe Kifouani (dir.). La Diversité du documentaire de création en Afrique. Paris: Harmattan, 2015.


“African Women in Cinema: An overview”. Eds. Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmman. Gaze Regimes: Film and Feminisms in Africa. WITS University Press, 2015.


“African Women of the Screen at the Digital Turn.” Special Report. Alphaville: Journal of Film and Screen Media 10 (Winter 2015–16). Web. ISSN: 2009-4078. Link: http://alphavillejournal.com/Issue10/HTML/ArticleEllerson.html


“African Women Directors: Edited version of a speech given at the colloquy ‘Francophone African Women Filmmakers: 40 years of cinema, Paris (1972-2012)’. In Celluloid Ceiling: women film directors breaking through, eds. Gabrielle Kelly and Cheryl Robson. UK: Supernova Books, 2014.


Keynote: 40 years of cinema by women of Africa by Beti Ellerson. Colloquy: Francophone African Women Filmmakers: 40 years of cinema (1972-2012), Paris, 23 and 24 November 2012. [Translated from French].


Plénière : 40 ans de cinéma fait par des femmes en Afrique par Beti Ellerson. Colloque: Les réalisatrices africaines francophones: 40 ans de cinéma (1972-2012), Paris, 23 et 24 Novembre 2012.


Reflections on “African Women on and behind the Screen”


"Towards an African women in cinema studies."  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 229-233.


'Building a Historiography of African Women in CinemaAfrica Update. Vol. XIX, Issue 4, Fall 2012.

Reflections on Cinema Criticism and African Women, Feminist Africa, Issue 16, July 2012. (Last access May 2013)

“African Women in Cinema: Past, Present, Future.” FilmAfrikana, Oslo, Norway, March-April 2011.

Beti Ellerson “The Evolution of Women in Cinema.” Mahen Bonetti and Morgan Saeg. Through African Eyes Volume 2: Conversations with the Directors; African Film Festival New York, 2010.


“The Evolution of African Women in Cinema: A Historiography”. Keynote at the African Women Filmmakers Forum, Goethe Institut, Johannesburg, South Africa, September 2010.

The Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures
. (African Women, Cinema and Islamic Cultures). Women, Gender and Women Film Directors and Film Stars: Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007.

"Through an African Woman's Eyes: Safi Faye’s Cinema. Françoise Pfaff, ed. Focus on African Film, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004. “Safi Faye’s Gaze: The Evolution of An African Woman’s Cinema”, 2009.

Sisters of the Screen: Women of Africa on Film, Video and Television. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, 2000. Sisters of the Screen: Conversations with African Women in Cinema.

"The Female Body as Symbol of Change and Dichotomy: Conflicting Paradigms in the Representation of Women in African Film."  Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 31-44. Internet Version


"The Female Body, Culture and Space: The Female Body in African Cinema." Ecrans d’Afrique, no. 11, 1st quarter, 1995, p. 28.

Emiliano

"La nudité dans le cinéma africain: Quand le nu chasse le beau." Amina, no. 253, May 1991, pp. 30-32. African women talk about nudity in African films: Hanny Brigitte Tchelley, Ivory Coast-Actress; Carmen Levry, Cote d’Ivoire-Actress.


Augustine-Ufua Enahoro

“Women in the Nigerian Home Video”. Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Chioma L. Enwerem


"Violence Against Women in Selected Nigerian Video Films and Novels." Paper delivered at the 2009 African Literature Association Conference, University of Vermont.


F

Moussa Balla Fall


"Cinéma et identité chez Ousmane Sembène : Une réinvention de l’identité féminine dans Faat Kiné et Moolaadé." Paper delivered at the 2007 African Literature Association Conference, West Virginia University.


Feminist Africa


African Feminist Engagements with Film, Issue 16 2012 last accessed September 2012


Editorial

African Feminist Engagements with Film

– by Yaba Badoe, Amina Mama and Salem Mekuria


FEATURES

Representation and Self Representation

– by Salem Mekuria

New Looks: The Rise of African Women Filmmakers

– by Lindiwe Dovey

Reflections on Cinema Criticism and African Women

– by Beti Ellerson

Challenging the Status Quo: A Feminist Reading of Shirley Frimpong-Manso's Life and Living it

– by Kwamena Kwansah-Aidoo and Joyce Osei Owusu

Strategising for Success: Re(packing) to Re(present)

– by Jihan El Tahri

Reflections on Making Witches of Gambaga

– by Yaba Badoe

Women and the Dynamics of Representation: Of Cooking, Cars and Gendered Culture

– by Abena P. A. Busia


IN CONVERSATION

Mahen Bonetti with Françoise Bouffault

Tsitsi Dangarembga with Beti Ellerson

Sandra Mbanefo Obiagwu with Nana Sekyiamah


STANDPOINT

Adventures from Our Bedrooms - Blogging about diverse exotic experiences

- by Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah


PROFILE

Black Pride Brazilian Style: The 5th Encontro de Cinema Negro Brasil Africa and Caribe

- by Yaba Badoe

Beit Sha'ar- Nomad's Home

- by Iman Kamel


REVIEW

Witches of Gambaga

– by Sokari Ekine

Notre Etrangere

- by Yaba Badoe


CONTRIBUTORS




Angelica Fenner


“Aural Topographies of Migration in Yamina Benguigui's Inch'Allah dimanche.” Camera Obscura 22 2007: 93-127.


Gwendolyn Audrey Foster

“Subjectivity at the Margins: The Cinema of Safi Faye.” Captive Bodies: Postcolonial Subjectivity in Cinema. State University of New York Press, 1999, pp. 192-201.

Andrea Frohne


“Silence is not Golden: Memory, Ethiopia and Filmmaker Salem Mekuria". Paper delivered at the 2008 African Literature Association Conference, Western Illinois University.


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Lisabeth Gant-Britton

“African Women and Visual Culture: A Sample Syllabus.”  Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies/36, 1995, pp. 84-117. (Black Women, Spectatorship, and Visual Culture).


Lucy Gebre-Egziabher

“Digital Filmmaking: Panacea or Scourge for African Cinema.” Teret Productions, 2006.



Natasha Gordon-Chipembere

"The Impact of Sarah Baartman, “aka” the Hottentot Venus, on 21st-Century African and Diasporic Literary Representations of Black Women". Paper delivered at the 2007 African Literature Association Conference, West Virginia University.



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Claude Haffner


Le documentaire africain, un remède éventuel aux maux dont souffre le cinéma africain ?, Master's Thesis, La Sorbonne Nouvelle, October 2005.


Pierre Haffner

“Jean Rouch jugé par six cinéaste d’Áfrique noire: Safi Faye, Daniel Kamwa, Rihard de Medeiros, Moussa Yoro Bathily, Oumarou Ganda et Inoussa Ousseini.” Jean Rouch, un griot gaulois. CinéAction, ed. René Prédal. No 17, 1982.

Petit à Petit en question: le film de Jean Rouch discuté dans deux ciné-clubs d’Afrique noire. CinéAction, ed. René Prédal. No 17, 1982.


Kenneth Harrow

"Division, Disunity, Disturbance, and Difference: Safi Faye's Mossane and the Challenge of Postmodern Feminism. Less Than One and Double: A Feminist Reading of African Women's Writing . (Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2002), pp. 247-276.

Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed. Matatu 19, 1997. 

"Women with Open Eyes, Women of Stone and Hammers: The Problematic Encounter between Western Feminism and African Feminist Filmmaking Practice." Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 133-149.

Julie Hawkins

Representatie Van En Door Vrouwen Op De Burkinese Televisie (Representation by Women on Burkinabe Television). Universiteit Gent  Faculteit Letteren En Wijsbegeerte (Ghent University Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, 2001, PDF document, last accessed June 2011.


Sophie Hoffelt

L’image des femmes maliennes à travers le regard d’un cineaste: Cheick Oumar Sissoko.” (Last accessed June 2010).

“Les Femmes réalisatrices en Afrique subsaharienne.” L’Afrique politique: Femmes d’Afrique, 1998, p. 21-44.



Kayissan D. Houenassou-Houangbe

"Les femmes des services de la communication au Togo." Women and the Media in Africa. Association of African Women for Research and Development/AAWORD, Occasional Paper Series, no. 6, Dakar, 1992, pp. 8-38.


I



Ayesha Imam

"Ideology, Women and Mass Media: A Case Study in Kano, Nigeria." Women and the Media in Africa. Association of African Women for Research and Development/AAWORD, Occasional Paper Series, no. 6, Dakar, 1992, pp. 39-104.


Institut Panos Afrique de l’Ouest

Femmes africaines des médias: Portraits de journalists et de cineastes africaines 2005. (Last accessed December 2011).

Annette Mbaye d’Erneville by Boubacar Boris Diop in Femmes africaines des médias: Portraits de journalists et de cineastes africaines 2005. French to English translation.


International Development Research Center | Centre de recherches pour le développement international

Gender and the Information Revolution in Africa edited by Eva M. Rathgeber and Edith Ofwona Adera.,2000. (Last accessed December 2011).

L'inégalité des sexes et la révolution de l'information en Afrique, sous la direction d'Eva M. Rathgeber et d'Edith Ofwona Adera, 2000. (Dernière date accedée, décembre 2011).


J


Tsitsi Ella Jaji


Media, Development, and Trust: Three Women Making Films in Zimbabwe. Wolf 2017 Symposium | African Film and Media, University of Pennsylvania, April 2017. Last accessed 11 April 2017.



Rina Jooste


Rina Jooste : Visualising South African History Across the Divide, December 2012.




Journal of African Cinemas (Volume 4 Issue 2, 2012)


Brigitte Rollet. Editorial. "Celebrating 40 years of films made by women directors in francophone Africa." Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 139-144.


Sheila Petty. "Aesthetic and narrative strategies in the films of selected African women directors." Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 144-155.


Lizelle Bisschoff. "The emergence of women’s film-making in francophone sub-Saharan Africa: From pioneering figures to contemporary directors."  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 175-189.


Stephanie Van de Peer. "A transnational feminist rereading of post-Third Cinema theory: The case of Maghreb documentary".  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 175-189.


Olivier Jean Tchouaffé. "Women in Film in Cameroon: Thérèse Sita-Bella, Florence Ayisi, Oswalde Lewat and Josephine Ndagnou".  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 191-206.


Beti Ellerson. "Towards an African women in cinema studies."  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 229-233.



K

Tchomba Kabala, Amani/Cebia

“Rébellion ou émancipation féminine dans Moolaade, un film de Sembène Ousmane?”. Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.


Alkaly Miriam Keita

"Women's Image in the Niger Mass Media." Women and the Mass Media in Africa: Case Studies of Sierra Leone, the Niger and Egypt. African Training and Research Centre for Women/Voluntary Fund for the United Nations Decade for Women. Research Series, Addis Ababa, 1981, pp. 13-19.

David Kerr


"The reception of Nigerian video drama in a multicultural female community in Botswana". Journal of African Cinemas. Volume 3, Number 1, 2011.


Touria Khannous


African Pasts, Presents, and Futures Generational Shifts in African Women’s Literature, Film and Internet Discourse. Lexington Books: 2013.



Wanjiru Kinyanjui

“Creating a film audience in Kenya”, paper present at the Audio-Visual Conference, Pretoria/South Africa, 2008.


“Amateur Video filmmaking in River Road, Nairobi,“ paper presentation at the Video Arts Film Fest in Obafemi Awolowo University, 2007.


“A Director’s Experience” in: Africa Through the Eye of the Video Camera. Manzini, Swaziland. Academic Publishers, 2006.


Research paper on the booming River Road vernacular videos (Ford Foundation Grantee), 2005.


“Friede den Doefern” (Peace to all Villages: Change of perspective in African Cinema) in: Du Magazine, Dec/Jan 95/96, Switzerland, 2000.

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Sonia Lee

“Les Africaines à l’écran et derrière la caméra”. Notre Librarie : Revue des literatures du Sud (Cinemas d'Afrique), No. 149, Oct-Dec 2002, pp. 110-113.


Samuel Lelièvre


« Enjeux interprétatifs de la féminité dans l’écriture de Souleymane Cissé ». Cinémas : revue d'études cinématographiques / Cinémas: Journal of Film Studies, vol. 11, n° 1, 2000, p. 61-76



Akissi Delphine Loukou (Akissi Delta)

“Ma famille: modèle d’autofinancement de la production filmique en Afrique francophone”. Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.

M

Diana Adesola Mafe


“Misplaced Bodies: Probing Racial and Gender Signifiers in Ngozi Onwurah’s The Body Beautiful.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies - Volume 29, No. 1, 2008, pp. 37-50.



Aset Malanda

Mes Etoiles noires de Nollywood. 2014.



Mufunanji Magalasi


Factors affecting the growth of the Malawian film industry”. Journal of Development and Communication Studies
4(1): 18-32 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jdcs.v4i1.2 . The article includes an analysis of the work of Villant Ndasowa-Jana.

Michelle Matere


“Women’s Work: African Diaspora Women Filmmakers…Creatively Speaking. Presentation at Claremont College (USA) Women Studies – 17 April 2014. Academic.edu (last accessed January 2016).



Penda Mbow


Le féminisme, stimulant de la production culturelle chez les Africaines.” (Féminisme en Afrique) Tunisiennes d’aujourd’hui, 2008.


Mutheu Maitha


Paper delivered at the African Studies Association, USA, 2007: The Role of African Women Filmmakers in Addressing Issues of Human Security and Human Rights in Africa.



Chido Matewa

Case Study of Africa Women Filmmakers Trust in Media and the Empowerment of Communities for Social Change. A thesis submitted to the University of Manchester for the degree of PhD in the Faculty of Education, 2002. (Last accessed December 2016).

“The Role of the Media in the Subordination of Women in Africa.” Masters in Education and the Mass Media, University of Manchester 1997.


Salem Mekuria

Specificities; Other Cinema. (Post)Colonial Cinema, Rituals and African Womanhood. Social Identities 1999 5/4: 489-506.


Kari McGriff Miller


"Realities of Womanhood: Deconstructing Rape and Birth Metaphors in African Film." Paper delivered at the 2008 African Literature Association Conference, Western Illinois University.


Montré Aza Missouri


Black Magic Woman and Narrative Film: Race, Sex and Afro-Religiosity. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

1 Introduction — From ‘Tragic Mulatto’ to Black Magic Woman: Race, Sex and Religion in Film
2 Womanism and Womanist Gaze

3 Beauty as Power: In/visible Woman and Womanist Film in Daughters of the Dust

4 Passing Strange: Voodoo Queens and Hollywood Fantasy in Eve’s Bayou

5 I’ll Fly Away: Baadasssss Mamas and Third Cinema in Sankofa

6 Not Another West Side Story: Nuyorican Women and New Black Realism in I Like It Like That

7 It Is Easy Being Green: Disney’s Post-Racial Princess and Black Magic Nostalgia in The Princess and the Frog

8 Conclusion



Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmman

Gaze Regimes: Film and Feminisms in Africa. WITS University Press, 2015.

Foreword by Katharina von Ruckteschell, Goethe-Institut sub-Saharan Africa

Introduction: By Way of Context and Content

Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmann

1 African Women in Cinema: An overview

Beti Ellerson

2 ‘I am a feminist only in secret’

Interview with Taghreed Elsanhouri and Christina von Braun by Ines Kappert

3 Staged Authenticity: Femininity in photography and film

Christina von Braun

4 ‘Power is in your own hands’: Why Jihan El-Tahri does not like movements

Interview with Jihan El-Tahri by Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmann

5 Aftermath – A focus on collective trauma

Interview with Djo Tunda wa Munga and Rumbi Katedza by Antje Schuhmann and Jyoti Mistry

6 Shooting Violence and Trauma: Traversing visual and social topographies in Zanele Muholi’s work

Antje Schuhmann

7 Puk Nini – A Filmic Instruction in Seduction: Exploring class and sexuality in gender relations

Antje Schuhmann and Jyoti Mistry

8 I am Saartjie Baartman

Nobunye Levin

9 Filmmaking at the Margins of a Community: On co-producing Elelwani

Jyoti Mistry

10 On Collective Practice and Collected Reflections

Interview with Shannon Walsh and Arya Lalloo by Jyoti Mistry

11 ‘Cinema of resistance’

Interview with Isabel Noronha by Max Annas and Henriette Gunkel

12 Dark and Personal

Anita Khanna

13 ‘Change? This might mean to shove a few men out’

Interview with Anita Khanna by Antje Schuhmann and Jyoti Mistry

14 Barakat! means Enough!

Katarina Hedrén

15 ‘Women, use the gaze to change reality’

Interview with Katarina Hedrén by Antje Schuhmann and Jyoti Mistry

16 Post-colonial Film Collaboration and Festival Politics

Dorothee Wenner

17 Tsitsi Dangarembga: A Manifesto

Interview with Tsitsi Dangarembga by Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmann


Carrie D. Moore

“Evolution of an African Artist: Social Realism in the Works of Ousmane Sembene”. Thesis (Ph.D), Indiana University, Bloomington, 1973).

“The Role of Women in the Works of Sembene Ousmane.” Pan African Journal 5, 1972: 263-276.

Mildred Mortimer

“Nouveau regard, nouvelle parole: le cinéma d’Assia Djebar.” Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 93-110.

“Reappropriating the Gaze in Assia Djebar's Fiction and Film.” World Literature Today 70, no. 4. Autumn 1996, pp. 859-66.



Wanjiku Beatrice Mukora


"Beyond Tradition and Modernity: Representations of Identity in Two Kenyan Films." Women Filmmakers Refocusing, eds., Jacqueline Levitin, Judith Plessis, Valerie Raoul. University of British Columbia Press, 2003, pp. 219-228.

Disrupting Binary Divisions: Representation of Identity in Saikati and Battle of the Sacred TreeMaster's Thesis, McGill University, Montreal, 1999. (Last accessed June 2011).


David Murphy


“Mothers, Daughters and Prostitutes: The Representation of Women in Sembene’s Work.” Imagining Alternatives in Film and Fiction.  James Currey and Africa World Press, 2000.


Hudita Nura Mustafa


Eros, beauty and crisis: notes from Senegal.” Feminist Africa. Featuring the film Karmen Gei (2002) by Joseph Gaï Ramaka. Feministafrica (last accessed June 2011).



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Talibah Newman

A Look at African Women in Cinema”. Associated Content, 22 September 2006.


Emilie Ngo-Nguidjol


“Focusing on Women in African Cinema: An Annotated Bibliography.” Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 191-218.


Hadja Maïmouna Niang

« Littérature et cinéma africains dans le champ de création de Sembène Ousmane : la source des adaptations ». Jury : Pr. Alain Bergala  (Critique de cinéma, Paris VII), Pr. Michel Marie (Université Paris III). Université Paris 12 Val-de-Marne, 2009.


"Xala d’Ousmane Sembène : analyse narratologique du "dit" et du "vu". Masters, Université de Saint-Louis, 2002.


Mamounata Nikiema

"Les cinéastes africains, relais des préocupations de leurs sociétés ?". Groupe d’étude cinéma du réel africain. AfricaDoc Lussas.



Benjamin Njoku


"Redefining Women in Nollywood". Vanguard. 20 October 2011. (Last accessed October 2011).




J. O. J. Nwachukwu-Agbada


"Women in Igbo Language Films: The Virtuous and the Villainous." Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 67-80.


O


Anita Afonu


Preserving Ghana's Cinematic Treasures, December 2013.




Debrah M. Ogazuma

"Film, Video and Development in the 1990's: Challenges/Prospects for the African Woman Director/Producer." A Presentation at the Thirty Third Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association. Baltimore, Maryland, USA, November 1990.

Valerie Orlando

"African Feminine Transformative Consciousness in Francophone Cinema: Moussa Sene Absa's 'Tableau Ferraille' (1996)." African Identities. Volume 2.2 November, 2004. pp. 189-202.

“The Afrocentric Paradigm and Womanist Agendas in Ousmane Sembène's Faat Kiné (2001)”. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 26(2), 2006, pp. 213-224.


Jarmila Ortova


“Les femmes dans l’oeuvre littéraire d’Ousmane Sembene.” Presence africaine, vol. 71, 1969. p. 69-77.



Dayna Oscherwitz


“A Crime with no Punishment: Human Trafficking and Sembene Ousmane's "La Noire de... (1961)" and "La Noire de... (1966)", 36th Annual African Literature Association Conference. The University of Arizona-Tucson, 2010.


Ousmane Ouedraogo

Gender and sexuality in West African francophone cinema (Les représentations de la sexualité dans le cinémas francophone de l'Afrique de l'ouest). Ph.D. thesis, U. of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2008. (Last accessed 08 July 2011).


Joyce Osei Owusu (Lawson)


Joyce Osei Owusu: Researching Ghanaian Women in Cinema. Doctoral studies. Swinburne University of Technology, Australia. 2015.


Joyce Osei Owusu (and Kwamena Kwansah-Aidoo). Challenging the Status Quo: A Feminist Reading of Shirley Frimpong-Manso's Life and Living it. African Feminist Engagements with Film, Issue 16 2012.


“Women and the Screen: A Study of Shirley Frimpong-Manso’s Life and Living It and Scorned.” Masters, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 2009.


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Jean Joseph Palmier


La femme noire dans le cinéma contemporain : star ou faire-valoir ?. Paris ; Budapest ; Kinshasa [etc.] : l'Harmattan, DL 2006.



Serazer Pekerman


"The Framed Intimacy of Becoming-Woman: The Representation of the Mutilated Body in Ousmane Sembène's Moolaadé. Charlotte Baker, ed. Expressions of the Body: Representations in African Text and Image. Peter Lang, 2009. pp. 45-62.


Sheila Petty

"Relational Constructs: Discourses of Gender in Taafe Fanga." Critical Approaches to African Cinema Discourse edited by Nwachukwu Frank Ukadike. Lexington Books, 2014, 193-208.


"Aesthetic and narrative strategies in the films of selected African women directors." Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 144-155.


“Mapping the African ‘I’: Representations of Women in La noire de… and Histoire d’Orokia.” Social Identities, Vol. 6 Number 3, September 2000, pp. 305-322.

"Black African Feminist Film-Making?" African Experiences of Cinema, ed., Imruh Bakari and Mbye Cham. London: British Film Institute, 1996, pp. 185-193.

"'How an African Woman Can Be': African Women Filmmakers Construct Women." Discourse, Spring 1996, 72-88.


"Miseria: Towards an African Feminist Framework of Analysis." Iris (New Discourses of African Cinema/Nouveaux discours du cinéma africain), special editor, N. Frank Ukadike, no. 18, Spring 1995, pp. 137-145.

“(Re)Presenting the Self: Identity and Consciousness in the Feature Films of Safi Faye”. International Women’s Writing: New Landscapes of Identity, eds. Anne E. Brown and Marjanne E. Gooze. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

"La représentation des femmes dans le cinéma africain." In: Films d’Afrique, ed., Michel Larouche. Montréal: Guernica, 1991, pp. 127-141.

“Images of Women and Oppression in ‘Francophone’ West African Film.” Canadian Journal of Communication, vol. 14, no. 3, 1989. (Last accessed March 2009).

"La femme dans le cinéma d’Afrique noire."  Université de Paris IV, 1988. Ph.D. dissertation on the woman in the cinema of black Africa.


Françoise Pfaff

A l'écoute du cinéma sénégalais. Paris: Harmattan, 2010.
Les femmes dans le cinéma sénégalais.
Entretiens avec Angele Diabang Brener, Khady Sylla and Aicha Thiam.

Twenty-five Black African Filmmakers
. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1988. Chapters on Safi Faye and Sarah Maldoror, including a filmography and comprehensive bibliography.

"Three Faces of Africa: Women in Xala." Jump Cut, July 1982, pp. 27-31.


Monique Mbeka Phoba

De nouvelles pistes pour la FEPACI entretien de Monique Mbeka Phoba avec Seipati Bulane-Hopa secrétaire générale actuelle de la Fepaci. February 2009. Africultures (Last accessed June 2011).



Maganthrie Pillay


Who is Making the Black Woman’s Film?” Agenda, No. 49 (2001) pp. 61-65.



André-Marie Pouya.

Thérèse Sita Bella parle de la presse et de l'elegance.” Amina No. 233 Septembre 1989.


Aidan Prinsloo


"Nollywood and the Femme Fatale". Consultancy Africa, 2011.




Bronwen Pugsley

The Practice of Documentary: Women's Filmmaking in Sub-Saharan Africa. PhD Thesis. The University of Nottingham, 2012.


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Awataf Abdel Rahma

"Women's Image in the Egyptian Mass Media." Women and the Mass Media in Africa: Case Studies of Sierra Leone, the Niger and Egypt. African Training and Research Centre for Women/Voluntary Fund for the United Nations Decade for Women. Research Series, Addis Ababa, 1981, pp. 21-28.


Mark A. Reid

"Dialogic Modes of Representing Africa(s): Womanist Film." Cinemas of the Black Diaspora: Diversity, Dependence and Oppositionality, ed., Michael T. Martin, Detroit: Wayne State University, 1995, pp. 56-69.

Beatriz Leal Riesco

“La presencia de la mujer en el cine africano contemporáneo: protagonismo y representación./ The Woman in Contemporary African Cinema: Protagonism and Representation”. Dulcinea Tomás Cámara (coord.). Quaderns de Cine, Nº 7, "Cine y África". University of Alicante, Spain. 2011.


Melinda B. Robins

“Africa’s Women/Africa’s Women Journalists: Critical Perspectives on Internet Initiatives.” Southeastern Regional Seminar in African Studies (SERSAS), 2000. Link to text. (Last accessed June 2011)


Brigitte Rollet


(Guest Editor) Editorial. "Celebrating 40 years of films made by women directors in francophone Africa." Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 139-144.


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Zabia S. Salhi

"Maghrebi Women Film-Makers and the Challenge of Modernity: Breaking Women's Silence." (In) Sakr, Naomi (ed.). Women and Media in the Middle East: Power Through Self-Expression. London/New York: I.B. Tauris. Library of Modern Middle East Studies #41. 2004.


Emmanuel Sama

"African Cinema in the Feminine: A Difficult Birth Giving." (Summary of the Historical African Women in the Cinema Workshop, FESPACO 1991). Ecrans d'Afrique, no. 1, 2nd quarter, 1992, p. 70.


Jyoti Mistry and Antje Schuhmman (See table of contents above under Jyoti Mistry)

Gaze Regimes: Film and Feminisms in Africa. WITS University Press, 2015.


Nancy Schmidt

"Sub-Saharan African Women Filmmakers: Agendas for Research." Women with Open Eyes, Women and African Cinema, ed., Kenneth W. Harrow. Matatu 19, 1997, pp. 163-190. Includes filmography.


Kathleen Scott and Stefanie Van de Peer

"Sympathy for the Other: Female Solidarity and Postcolonial Subjectivity in Francophone Cinema." IN Film-Philosophy 20 (2016): 168–194. Link: Edinburgh University Publishing http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/pdf/10.3366/film.2016.0009


Aissata Sidikou

“The Heroism of Death in Moolaade”, U.S. Naval Academy. 36th Annual African Literature Association Conference. The University of Arizona Tucson, 2010.


Moussa Sow


"Building the Rebel: The Female Body in Sembene’s Cinema". Paper delivered at the 2008 African Literature Association Conference, Western Illinois University.

"La dimension feminine de la filmographie de Sembène Ousmane". Paper delivered at the 2007 African Literature Association Conference, West Virginia University.


Claudia Springer


Black Women Filmmakers. Jumpcut, no. 29, February 1984.

  1. Ruby Bell-Gam (Nigeria)

  2. Ijeoma Iloputaife (Nigeria)

  3. Anne Ngu (Cameroon)


Cheryl Stobie


“She Who Creates Havoc Is Here”: A Queer Bisexual Reading of Sexuality, Dance, and Social Critique in Karmen Geï

Research in African Literatures. Volume 47, Number 2, Summer 2016  pp. 84-103.



Julian Stringer

"On the Rise: The Work of Ngozi Onwurah." CineAction, no. 37, 1995, pp. 38-48.


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Carrie Tarr


"Women of Maghrebi Origin in Recent Films from France."   Filmmakers Refocusing. Jacqueline Levitin, Judith Plessis, Valerie Raoul, eds. University of British Columbia Press, 2003, pp. 323-329.


Olivier Jean Tchouaffé


"Women in Film in Cameroon: Thérèse Sita-Bella, Florence Ayisi, Oswalde Lewat and Josephine Ndagnou".  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 191-206.



Alexie Tcheuyap

“Cinéma documentaire et expériences féminines en Afrique francophone”. French Forum - Volume 35, Numbers 2-3, Spring/Fall 2010, pp. 57-77.


Kwawisi Tekpetey

"Niaye: Sembène Ousmane's Screen Adaptation of His Novella, Vehi Ciosane (White Genesis)". Paper delivered at the 2007 African Literature Association Conference, West Virginia University.



Melissa Thackway

“Cinema au féminin”. Féminisme(s) en Afrique et dans la Diaspora. Africultures 74-75, 2009.

"African Women and Film: On Screen and Behind the Camera," Africa Shoots Back: Alternative Perspectives in Sub-Saharan Francophone African Film James Curry David Philip, Indiana University Press, pp. 147-181, 2003.

“Cinematic voices: African women filmmakers at the Créteil Women's Film Festival” Africultures,1998 (last accessed March 2009)


Antoinette Tidjani Alou

“Sarraounia et ses intertextes: identité, intertextulaité et émergence littéraire.”  Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey (Niger). Sud Langues No. 5 Dec 2005. http://www.sudlangues.sn/IMG/pdf/doc-102.pdf


Najwa Tlili

Femmes d’Images de l’Afrique Francophone. Montreal: Vues d’Afrique, 1994. Filmography of African women in francophone regions of Africa.


Zalia Maiga Touré

“L’Excision à travers la littérature et le cinéma francophones d’Afrique de l’Ouest”. Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Awa Traore

Spécificités du cinéma documentaire et de la sociologie dans l’étude de l'adoption traditionnelle au Mali"

Groupe d’étude cinéma du réel africain. AfricaDoc Lussas.


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Nwachukwu Frank Ukadike


"Reclaiming Images of Women in Film from Africa and the Black Diaspora." In: Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies. Vol. 15, No. 1, Women Filmmakers and the Politics of Gender in Third Cinema (1994), pp. 102-122. African Experiences of Cinema, ed., Imruh Bakari and Mbye Cham. London: British Film Institute (1996), pp. 194-208.

Agatha Ukata


"Conflicting Framings of Women in Nollywood Videos". University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2010. (Last accessed October 2011).


"The Image(s) of Women in Nigerian (Nollywood) Videos." University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PhD Thesis, 2010.


Paul Ugor


"Nollywood and Postcolonial Predicaments: Transnationalism, Gender and the Commoditization of Desire in Glamour Girls. IN: Global Nollywood: The Transnational Dimensions of an African Video Film Industry, edited by Matthias Krings, Onookome Okome. Indiana University Press, 2013, pp. 158-178.



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Stefanie Van de Peer

A Moroccan Homecoming: The Fabulation of Family and Home in Izza Génini’s Retrouver Oulad Moumen (1994)”. Cinematic Homecomings. Exile and Return in Transnational Cinema, edited by Rebecca Prime. Bloomsbury Academic, 2014. Published in Academic.edu (last accessed 5 February 2016).

(and Kathleen Scott) "Sympathy for the Other: Female Solidarity and Postcolonial Subjectivity in Francophone Cinema." IN Film-Philosophy 20 (2016): 168–194. Link: Edinburgh University Publishing

"A transnational feminist rereading of post-Third Cinema theory: The case of Maghreb documentary".  Journal of African Cinemas 4: 2, 2012, pp. 175-189.

The Physicalities of Documentaries by African Women.” Critical Interventions, 5:1, 135-153, 2011.


Documentary filmmaking by North African women. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Stirling, UK, 2011.


Paulin Soumanou Vieyra

“La femme dans le cinéma africain." In: Réflexions d’un cinéaste africain. (Brussels: OCIC, 1990), pp. 82-88. Focus on the woman in African cinema.

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Kimani wa Wanjiru

“Women and Cinema at ZIFF”. New York African Film Festival (link). Last accessed 09 March 2017.


Stacey A. Weber-Feve

"There's No Place Like Home: Homemaking, Making Home and Femininity in Contemporary Women's Filmmaking and the Literature of the Metropol and the Maghreb." Ph.D. Dissertation: Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. 2006. 286p.


Dorothee Wenner

Nollywood Lady. A documentary on Peace Anyiam-Fiberesima, the emerging spokesperson for Nigerian cinema, 2008.


Jerry White

"Flora M’mbugu-Schelling’s These Hands and the Balance Between Abstraction and Politics" Paper delivered at the 2008 African Literature Association Conference, Western Illinois University.



Kathleen J. Wininger

“Teaching Gender in African Philosophy, Film, and Literature”.  Paper delivered at the 2010 African Literature Association Meeting, University of Arizona, Tucson.



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Rosette Léonie Yangba-Zowe (CentrAfrique)


"Divers aspects du mariage et le rôle des femmes dans l'oeuvre cinématographique d'Oumarou Ganda (Niger). Mémoire diplôme de l’EHESS, 1987. Cited by Nancy J. Schmidt “Sub-Saharan African Women Filmmakers.”


African Women in Cinema Analysis and Scholarship
Recherche et étude sur les femmes africaines d’image